Research & Policy

Community Infractucture Levy & New Homes Bonus in the South West

Prepared using Google Fusion tables and data compiled by members of  SWAN – the South West ACRE Network.
Data correct as at 30th September 2012

Click on the locations on the map for more information about the current status of the Community Infrastricture Levy & New Homes Bonus in each district or Unitary.

Evidence of Rural Need in the West of England LEP

As part of the Evidencing Rural Need project a set of data has been produced for new Local Enterprise Partnerships on the basis of Rural IMD analysis detailed below. Two documents have been prepared for the West of England LEP and can be accessed by the following links;

PDF 1.11MB

The Rural Economy
in the West of England LEP


Access to Services
in the West of England LEP


Background to Evidencing Rural Need

The wider Evidencing Rural Need project provides the summary information needed to effectively represent rural issues in local and regional programme strategy, planning and prioritization. Developed by ACRE, its members in RCAN and Oxford Consultants for Social Inclusion, it shows the real socio-economic picture of rural England such as its areas of deprivation, the economy and access to services.

Access to information and data regarding the rural share of deprivation has historically been very difficult. One of the standard tools for looking at deprivation is the Indices of Multiple Deprivation (IMD).

However, this approach was primarily developed with urban centred deprivation in mind and as such does not provide a clear picture of rural deprivation.

Data and reports are available at the following levels across the South West:

  • England-wide
  • South West Region
  • Principle Local Authority / Unitary Authority
  • Parliamentary constituencies
  • District Council
  • Settlement, population greater than 300 (not for workplace/resident population)
  • Parish

The Information is available for ‘Rural share’ and ‘rural rate’ of deprivation across a wide range of indicators including;

  • Access to services
  • Most deprived rural areas
  • Rural economy
  • Rural share of deprivation
  • District workplace and residential population profile

View examples of all types of reports available.

For details on how to access these reports please contact us

One question that the IMD or Index of Multiple Deprivation seeks to answer is which geographical areas do we channel resources into to achieve the best overall effect e.g. the greatest reduction in deprivation. The solution has often been to target those areas that appear to be the most deprived. IMD is used as a way of comparing areas and although it is far from perfect it is widely used. However, one of the major problems has been the level at which data is aggregated. The principle underlying this resource is that analysing evidence at a more detailed level reveals a greater proportion of disadvantaged rural residents.

Analysis of the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2007 identifies only 50 of the 3,248 most-deprived 10% of areas across England as being rural, and only 143 of the 6,496 most deprived 20% of areas – in other words only just over 2% of the most deprived 20% of areas in England are rural.

However, the proportion of deprived people living in rural areas is substantially larger than this. In fact, 17% of the 5,310,000 households living on less than 60% of median income across England are in rural areas (for context, 19% of England’s population live in rural areas).

Put simply, rural areas are substantially more deprived based on the location of deprived people than based on the location of deprived areas. This level of understanding is a critical tool in influencing resource allocation for small rural communities and supporting local action such as Community Led Planning.

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